Frequency Modulation Explained

This page provides you an article about the frequency modulation (FM) synthesis we can find on many synthesizers (Yamaha DX7, Montage...)

The article (english version).

The article (french version).

An online FM synthesizer.

Example 1 (1 carrier, 1 modulator)

Example 2 (1 carrier, 3 added modulators)

Example 3 (3 stacked operators)